The online world is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, rendering it tricky for students to get the advice they want when writing essays. So our academic experts have written the following advice so that you can utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to ensure your writing hits the mark.
Comprehend the question
This may, during the face from it, seem like somewhat advice that is banal but fact of the matter is the fact that neglecting to properly comprehend the question set is regarded as, or even the most frequent reason for a disappointing grade when it comes to essay writing. Will you be being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a particular circumstance? Measure the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
These are a few of the common phrases found in essay questions, and every indicates a different set of expectations. You have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but also other common approaches if you are asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, for instance. They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and every theory and, importantly, you have to arrived at a well-justified and confident conclusion. Is the theory good? What exactly are its flaws? How can it is improved?
If you’re asked to gauge the usefulness of something, however, you don’t necessarily have to go into the maximum amount of critical depth. Yes, you should still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you should still note some strengths and weaknesses – but the bulk of the work must emphasise the concepts practical usefulness. Perhaps the best approach is to locate one, or a few, case studies where in fact the theory has been utilized – the thing that was the results for this? Does the effective use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and contrast” essays, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid associated with above – you’ll want to take a critical approach and assess the literature, but your focus has to remain solidly on the theories which you have now been asked to compare and contrast. It is vital to show which you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a theoretical and applied level.
In essence, the wording for the essay question shall tell you the way the essay should always be written. It’s going to indicate in which the focus of your essay should lie while you research and write.
Plan and schedule
Comprehending the question is the first step, but it is equally important which you make efficient utilization of the time that is available. Students often underestimate the level of work expected to write a good essay, which leads to a couple of things: (1) late nights at the library, and (2) a disappointing grade. If you’d like to achieve a beneficial mark, you ought to start planning your essay the minute you will get the essay question. The next table might be a aid that is useful
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish draft that is firstInsert date)|
|Hand in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines on your own and committing to stay to them, you may be ensuring that you won’t be left with way too much work prior to your hand-in date. It is also essential that you leave time, ideally a short time, between finishing your draft that is first and.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear almost all theories, arguments, and studies have flaws. Being descriptive is fine if you’re seeking to scrape a pass, but for a higher grade you ought to show pay for essay reviews that you’re able to leverage critical reasoning in your working with academic materials. Which are the limitations regarding the theories you are drawing on? How have these been dealt with into the literature? How can they impact the caliber of arguments presented, also to what extent do they limit our knowledge of what you’re studying? What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?
Critical thinking is exactly what can certainly make your essay stick out. It shows the marker that you are not merely repeating the arguments which were fed to you throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner. A good way to practice it is to pay careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will find that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique resulting in a gap with regards to their own research.
Structure, focus and flow
The method that you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument itself, and that’s why it really is imperative that your particular essay follows a logical structure. A vintage word of advice is to “tell them what you’re going to inform them, then inform them, and inform them what you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of one’s essay.
Having a clear and logical structure will help ensure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray through the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to the argument you will be presenting. As you are writing, it’s good to take a step back and ask yourself “what value performs this sentence/section add? How exactly does it url to my argument that is overarching?” That you can’t answer that question, there is a high risk that you have strayed from your core argument, and you may want to reconsider the path you are taking if you find.
It’s also wise to be sure that all of the different areas of your essay fit together as a cohesive and whole that is logical and therefore the transition from one argument to another is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one after the other with little consideration for how they fit together, which inevitably contributes to a reduced grade. Make sure to inform your reader why you may be transitioning from one argument to another, why these are generally in this order that is particular and how each argument helps shed light on a particular element of what you are actually discussing.
Whether you should read the article as a whole if you are still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary of the study, which will help determine. You don’t want to spend time reading through and number that is endless of simply to find that they aren’t actually relevant. Once you’ve identified a couple of solid articles, you should (a) go through their bibliographies and take note of who they really are citing, as they articles is going to be of value for the research that is own (b) check on Google Scholar to see that has cited them. To do this, simply input the true name of the article within the search bar and hit enter. In the results, click “cited by” – this can return a list of all of the articles that have cited the publication you searched for.
It’s important that you don’t rely too heavily using one or a few texts, as this indicates to the marker which you haven’t engaged with the wider literature. You need to be particularly careful in making use of course books (in other words. “introduction to management” and the like), since these are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a completely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing about the same source, indicates that you haven’t produced a novel argument that you haven’t made yourself familiar with what has already been published; citing someone for every point made suggests. As a result, it is necessary which you provide evidence (a credible citation) if you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics. These, in turn, should offer the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making.